Party building work
Meng Wei: Assuming the Moral Responsibility of Network Integrity Construction
"Integrity" as a traditional virtue in real society is also the moral basis of network culture. Integrity or not in network interaction determines the true or false of information content, the good or evil of behavioral consequences, the virtual or real relationship environment, and the high or low quality of communication. China's Internet has gone through 20 years, and the number of Internet users is close to half of the total population. The Internet society has gradually taken shape, and the construction of Internet integrity has increasingly become the key to the development of social civilization.
Prevent social moral crisis, network integrity is indispensable
In recent years, the country's "bright sword" has purified cyberspace, the phenomenon of rumors has been strongly cracked down and rectified, and cyberspace has become clearer. There are many reasons for analyzing the popularity of Internet rumors. For example, some shortcomings in social justice made a few people harbor resentment and wait for opportunities to retaliate; distrust of the media made some people prefer gossip; information disclosure was not timely enough, Let false rumors seize the communication channels and so on. But from the perspective of the moral responsibility of citizens, the lack of network integrity cannot be ignored.
Some people have a weak sense of responsibility and a lack of understanding of basic communication concepts. Some people want to show their faces through spoofs, jokes, and sensationalism. The spread of rumors on the Internet has revealed a corner of the problem. Looking at the diversified network behaviors, the lack of integrity exists in the field of cultural life, and it also spreads to the behavior of economic exchanges. According to the first e-commerce integrity report released by the China Electronic Commerce Association, nearly 25% of enterprises and more than 26% of individuals are most worried about "dishonesty" in the field of e-commerce. According to statistics, in the past six months, at least 74% of Internet users have been attacked by fraud, account theft, etc., with a total number of 438 million. Social credit overdraft and difficulty in guaranteeing network security have become prominent problems plaguing online consumers.
Although online rumors, unscrupulous planning, false online shopping, and commercial fraud occur in different paths, the lack of integrity, moral crisis, and indifference of conscience and indifference to care are all chilling and disrupting the order of the Internet. , harming social justice, and hindering the healthy development of the network society have become real problems that need to be solved urgently.
Guard the traditional virtues of China: Inner sincerity in the heart, outer trust in form
Since ancient times, China has pursued the way of honesty in governing the world. Analyzing honesty, from the literal meaning, "sincerity" focuses on inner cultivation, and "faith" focuses on behavioral norms. "Integrity" means sincerity in the heart and trust in the outside. That is to say, people should speak from the heart, be consistent with the outside and inside, be truthful and keep their promises. Traditional Chinese society is a society of acquaintances, and the image of personal integrity is mainly manifested in the work circle, or the circle of relatives, friends and acquaintances. Therefore, personal integrity issues in reality are often inseparable from human relations, interpersonal relationships, and human face. Unless exceptional circumstances arise, it can be difficult to tell whether a person is really acting as he appears. The network society is different from reality, it is based on digital technology, and the communication behavior is virtual. Weibo, WeChat, e-commerce, etc., the most common network applications, more often occur in the process of interacting with strangers, weakening social control, and greatly reducing the cost of breaking trust. Once the Internet takes off the warm veil of traditional acquaintances and face, and breaks away from the external constraints on the subject's identity, people's inner truth can be easily restored. In this case, the integrity of the individual is closer to the subject's heart, his true self. Behavior subjects such as rumor publishers and phishers, their online untrustworthy behaviors are also closer to the inherent nature. In this sense, strengthening the construction of online integrity is not only more real, but also more realistic. It emphasizes the cultivation and construction of citizens' "moral heart".
Taking traditional culture into consideration, the topic of honesty is always fresh. Shang Yang's "Standing wood is trustworthy", Ji Bu's "One Promise, Thousand Gold", Song Jiu's "Moving people with sincerity", and Hu Xueyan's "Being truthful and avoiding deceit" all reflect the inherent honesty and morality of the parties involved. If people have faith, they can travel far, whether it is as big as a country or as small as an individual. Therefore, "The Analects of Confucius" said: "The people cannot be established without trust", advocating honesty as the foundation of the world and the way of being a person. Confucianism further includes integrity as the essence of self-cultivation, family governance, and world peace, as the fundamental requirement for maintaining the healthy operation of social order, which is the embodiment of the social significance of moral responsibility.
Loyalty and trustworthiness are also important ideological pillars of the human society. Traditional Chinese morality advocates that "friends have righteousness" and "friends have faith" in communication. "Book of Rites" says: "A gentleman is honesty is the most precious", and honesty is regarded as the most noble moral personality. "University" emphasizes, "If you want to cultivate your body, you must first straighten your heart; if you want to straighten your heart, you must first be sincere; if you want to be sincere, you must first extend your knowledge. To extend knowledge is to investigate things. When the heart is sincere, then the mind is sincere. When the mind is upright, then the mind is cultivated.” Here, rectifying one's heart means rectifying one's mind, and being sincere means having a sincere heart. Only when a person has a correct mentality, is true and sincere, and has a sincere mind, can he not deceive himself or deceive himself, and only then can he achieve the life goals and social ideals of cultivation, harmony, governance, and peace. Therefore, "Mencius" said: "The one who is honest is the way of heaven; the one who thinks about sincerity is the way of man." That is to say, honesty is the right way and good way that conforms to the laws of nature and society. "Laozi" said, "Trust words are not beautiful, and good words are not trustworthy." Honest words may not sound good, and good words may not necessarily be honest. But people still have to boldly speak honest words, do honest things, and take honesty as the basis for social cooperation and communication. "Mozi" says: "Words must be believed, deeds must be resolute, and the combination of words and deeds is like a festival." The politician Guan Zhongyou said: "The honesty is the knot of the world", that is, words and deeds are consistent, and communication can be smooth. Only when there is no deception can the world be united and harmonious, and the social building will be deeply rooted.
Construct a network integrity ecology and promote socialist core values
Integrity is also an important connotation of the socialist core values. The 18th National Congress of the Communist Party of China proposed to "strengthen the construction of government integrity, business integrity, social integrity and judicial credibility". In June 2014, the State Council pointed out in the "Social Credit System Construction Planning Outline" that it is necessary to "deeply promote the construction of business integrity". The Fourth Plenary Session of the 18th CPC Central Committee further emphasized: "Insist on combining the rule of law and the rule of virtue", "on the one hand, the rule of law, on the other hand, the rule of virtue, vigorously promote the socialist core values, and carry forward the traditional Chinese virtues." Today, honesty, as the basic bridge and moral code of human relations, has become more profoundly a strong support for national modernization, a good order of the market economy, and the construction of network civilization. Adhering to the ethics of honesty, improving personal cultivation, restraining online behavior, and establishing a high degree of harmonious interpersonal trust and social identity are the ethical requirements for realizing the great rejuvenation of the Chinese nation and the ideal of the "Chinese Dream"; Clarifying and concretizing norms, advancing from latent ideology to apparent reality, is an inevitable choice for establishing and maintaining network social civilization.
The key to social integrity is construction. Fulfilling online moral responsibilities requires all members of society to work together and fulfill their responsibilities. First of all, we must actively promote the legalization of network information supervision. Not only has a strict and effective governance mechanism been established in accordance with the law, but also efforts have been made to form a long-term prevention guarantee mechanism. Legalize and institutionalize honesty and form an institutional system and management constraints that reward trustworthiness and punish dishonesty. Secondly, we must improve the information disclosure system to ensure that the truth is disclosed quickly, authoritatively, openly, and timely, and every second counts to resolve the integrity crisis. Furthermore, it is necessary to exert comprehensive strength to form a network environment jointly governed by social organizations, network practitioners, and netizens themselves. For example, improve citizens' online literacy through various forms of education, expand diversified social supervision channels such as "rumor dispelling alliances" and "anti-counterfeit websites", and discover, track, and crack down on the phenomenon of lack of integrity such as rumors. At the same time, as a member of the network society, we must also cultivate and improve "responsibility awareness", abide by the law, improve moral quality, and be a rational citizen who abides by the law and self-discipline; we must have the courage to "take responsibility" and actively participate in the construction of an honest and honest ecosystem in the network society and maintenance; strive to cultivate a "sense of responsibility", actively establish an inner firewall of honesty and values, internalize moral integrity and self-discipline spirit in the heart, and manifest it in actions, consciously open up a pure land of honesty, and protect the beautiful homeland of the network society.
(Author: Meng Wei, researcher at the Chinese Academy of Social Sciences, director of the Internet New Media Research Office of the Institute of Journalism and Communication)
Actively cultivate core values based on integrity
09:31 on August 9, 2017 Source: Guangxi Daily
Original Title: Actively Cultivate Core Values Based on Integrity
The report of the Eighteenth National Congress of the Communist Party of China included honesty as a value at the level of personal behavior for the first time, and incorporated it into the socialist core value system, which shows its great theoretical value and practical significance. Integrity is the unity of people's internal moral cultivation and external code of conduct. It is the basic moral requirement of traditional Chinese values, the moral basis of the socialist core value system, and a necessary condition for the healthy development of the market economy. Advocating and cultivating the core values of integrity is not only an important measure taken by the party to solve the lack of integrity caused by social transformation, but also a clear answer to the important question of what kind of citizens to cultivate.
The Basic Position of Integrity in the Socialist Core Values
The socialist core values have value orientations and guidelines at three levels: the state, the society, and the individual. Among these three levels of core values, the core values of individual behavior are the foundation of social moral life and an important breakthrough in the all-round practice of socialist core values in the country, society, and individuals. In the pre-Qin period, Confucianism put forward the concepts of "sincerity" and "faith", and regarded honesty as the basic virtue of self-cultivation and governance. "Book of Rites The Doctrine of the Mean" regards "sincerity" as the nature of heaven and the core category of propriety, and believes that the virtue of sincerity is the premise to achieve the realm of "harmony between man and nature"; Xunzi further believes that "sincerity" is " The basis of political affairs"; Zhu Xi believed that "faith" is not only the expression of "benevolence", but also the criterion of people's communication. Obviously, in traditional Chinese thinking, honesty is not only a basic ethical concept, but also a basic quality for people to conduct themselves in the world.
In contemporary China, integrity provides moral support for citizens to practice the socialist core values. The "Opinions on Cultivating and Practicing the Socialist Core Values" states that "extensively carry out moral practice activities. Focus on the construction of integrity, strengthen social morality, professional ethics, family virtues, and personal morality education, and form self-cultivation, self-discipline, and morality. , comity and tolerance of morality.” Cultivating the values of honesty can continuously enhance citizens’ value judgment and moral sense of responsibility, and enable citizens to correctly distinguish between the true, the good and the beautiful, the fake, the evil and the ugly, establish lofty ideals and beliefs, and grasp the correct direction of life. Practicing the values of honesty can transform abstract core values into various specific moral behaviors, and into a virtue image that the people love to see, so that the socialist core values can be realized daily, popular, and concrete through the practice of honesty. and make the implementation of the socialist core values detailed and routine.
Social development is inseparable from integrity
Integrity is of great significance to a country, a society, a nation and even every citizen. However, in the real society, the lack of honesty has become a more prominent moral problem, which has caused a huge obstacle to the development of society. At present, our country is in a period of social transformation. Some people lose their way and lose themselves. The lack of integrity has penetrated into all aspects of people's social life. In the political field, some corrupt officials have abused their powers and used their power for personal gain, which has harmed the fundamental interests of the broadest masses of the people and seriously damaged the credibility of the government. In the economic field, some companies have no moral bottom line, cut corners, manufacture and sell counterfeit goods, and seek illegitimate benefits by all means. In the field of social life, some people are ungrateful for profit, money worship and hedonism prevail, and moral standards continue to decline, which seriously pollutes the social environment and affects the harmonious development of people. The lack of honesty has brought a series of negative impacts on social development. If left unchecked, people will lose trust in the party and government, society, and others. Building a well-off society in an all-round way will become empty talk. It can be seen that the importance of integrity building lies.
Vigorously promote the construction of integrity and cultivate socialist core values
Integrity has a multi-dimensional structure. It is not only an external code of conduct, but also an internal spiritual demand; it is not only the foundation of being a person, but also the principle of government; it is not only a static goal, but also a dynamic practice; it is not only the core content of the ethical level , or an important part of the governance level. The construction of integrity will greatly promote the cultivation and practice of socialist core values.
The construction of integrity must be carried out around the theme of cultivating and practicing the socialist core values. The three levels of state, society, and individual are not only different from each other and relatively independent, but also interrelated and interconnected, and they jointly play the role of navigating the development of the state, society, and individual. Therefore, we should not fix a certain value concept at a certain level. Integrity is not only a moral requirement for individual citizens. Enterprises, governments, and even all fields of society must be honest, and it has become a common value orientation and value pursuit in the entire society. Only when the three levels of the state, society and individual coordinate and infiltrate with each other, and reach a consistent understanding and recognition of the value concept of integrity, can it be consistent and interpenetrated, and truly implemented and implemented at the practical level.
The construction of integrity must permeate all aspects of social governance from self-discipline to heteronomy. In traditional culture, the construction of honesty pays more attention to honesty at the ethical level. With the development of the times and the transformation of society, the phenomenon of moral anomie and the loss of integrity have occurred from time to time, and integrity can no longer be realized simply by relying on people's moral beliefs and inner self-awareness. This requires that honesty must emphasize both self-discipline and heteronomy, and integrate into contemporary legal norms and economic systems in the form of an external rule. Integrity building must permeate all aspects of social governance. At the governance level, integrity should be institutionalized and legalized. External rigid constraints can overcome the temptation of untrustworthy interests and create social integrity.
The construction of integrity should be based on China's long history and excellent cultural traditions. "The cultivation of core values should be based on the excellent traditional Chinese culture." When we think about the category of integrity as the core value of socialism, we must go back to the resources of traditional culture. Otherwise, the value of honesty cultivated is like a tree without roots and water without a source. China is a multi-ethnic country, and the values of honesty and integrity must absorb and tolerate the excellent cultures of all ethnic groups, and transcend all ethnic cultures.
The foundation of strengthening the construction of integrity is to implement integrity into the life of every citizen, throughout the process of practicing the socialist core values. Building integrity is a long and arduous process, and it cannot be accomplished overnight. Therefore, it is necessary to perseverely strengthen the construction of honesty and earnestly strengthen the concept of honesty in every citizen, especially to educate the majority of young people to form a good habit of speaking honesty, to stimulate the awareness of honesty in every citizen to the greatest extent, and to create a good social atmosphere in which everyone is honesty . (Author unit: Guangxi Autonomous Region Party Committee Propaganda Department)
Give kindness a reply
On the bus, a little girl stood up shyly.
After letting an uncle who had just got on the bus sit down, the little girl stood leaning against the seat. She seemed to have something on her mind, and she hesitated to speak a few times, and I felt that she would eventually express it.
Sure enough, at the stop where she was about to get off, she touched the uncle's arm, her voice was very small, but it made the listener startled, and she said, "Uncle, why didn't you say anything?" Thank you'? I've been waiting for 3 stops, and you don't even smile at me. Why?"
The people next to me laughed. Only the person whose seat was given up didn't smile, his eyes were straight, as if he didn't understand and was indifferent.
The little girl is not waiting for a return. She was waiting for an echo or response to answer the questions in her heart. I think, there is a question in her heart that is unresolved-what's the matter with this uncle? Why don't you just say "thank you"? Perhaps her teacher taught her to say "thank you" when someone helped her. And this uncle in front of him, why can't he even smile?
The depression of the little girl can be imagined. If the spring breeze comes, and no flower blooms in response, and no grass breaks out of the ground, where is spring? This "spring", the little girl will definitely not find it.
Friendly words and deeds are undoubtedly beautiful, just like a cry, it also needs a response. Indifference and coldness will only kill the good intentions and moral passion of the friendly people.
Every moment, we are enjoying the gift of this world, whether it is life or spiritual. If you think about it carefully, the beautiful existence is all thanks to others. The world is so friendly to us: every morning, the workers deliver fresh milk and morning newspapers, the pastry chef provides a steaming breakfast, the TV is turned on, and the anchor brings news from afar... All these make us feel comfortable and happy Warm.
Let not the world doubt, let not the hearts of the kind become cold and weary.
A nod, a smile, and gratitude—that's the minimum we can give in response to kindness.
(Excerpt from the 13th issue of "Reader" in 2015)
Practice core values in "friendliness"
2016-09-18 15:41 Source: People’s Forum Authors: Li Huihua and Sipeng
【Abstract】The socialist core values establish "friendliness" as a basic content, which is not only a respect for historical traditions, but also a response to people's current moral needs. Friendliness or the virtue of friendliness summarizes and pursues, that is, equal treatment, tolerance of differences, good communication, orderly exchanges, and reaching the moral realm of harmony but difference. The general recognition, internalization, and extensive publicity and education of the virtue of friendship are bound to be conducive to the good order of social life, and are also the basic moral premise for the realization of a harmonious state.
Friendliness is the basic moral norm of interpersonal communication. It is not only a basic subject moral quality, but also an important realistic social ethics, and it plays an important role in people's daily life. For the development and progress of society, the foundation and uniqueness of the virtue of friendship cannot be ignored. The grasp of "friendliness" needs to proceed from the overall socialist core values, not only to grasp the historical tradition, but also to be based on the contemporary reality of socialist modernization.
"Friendliness" is not only a historical tradition, but also a current moral demand
Friendliness, as an excellent moral character passed down by our country since ancient times, directly points to interpersonal relationships. What it summarizes and expresses is how members of the community treat each other, what standpoints, methods and attitudes they adopt to deal with daily ethical relations, especially ethical relations. The interests behind the relationship. The "friendliness" in the socialist core values, starting from the national level, requires the rulers to be benevolent and caring for people's livelihood, so as to build a democratic space and a harmonious country; from the perspective of society and individuals, it requires everyone Individuals can have love in their hearts, be kind to others, and be willing to contribute. Only then can there be warmth in the world, and the flowers of freedom, equality, and happiness will always bloom undefeated. The socialist core values establish "friendliness" as a basic content. It is not only a respect for historical traditions at home and abroad, but also a response to people's current moral needs. It is undoubtedly a very timely and necessary measure.
Marx believed: "Only in the collective can individuals obtain the means to develop their talents in an all-round way." Friendliness requires that the subject itself should first have the virtue of friendship. First, we must be equal and respect each other. Needless to say, this is the first connotation of friendliness. As one of the basic contents of socialist core values, "equality" is a modern value, a basic value, and a dominant value in modern society. The concept of equality is also a fundamental aspect of modern humanism. As modern morality, equality and fraternity exist differently. Friendship pays attention to treating people with sympathy and kindness, and focuses on moral emotions, that is, the commonality of love; equality directly describes and regulates the moral concepts and behavioral attitudes between people. In contrast, equality is more like the rigidity of the virtue of fraternity The framework and rational support are the conceptual basis for its existence and development.
Second, there must be the virtue of courtesy. To be friendly is not only to agree with, adhere to and implement the concept of equality, but also to have the virtue of tolerance and tolerance. This is also the meaning of the concept of friendship. Equality is not equality for the sake of equality, but aims to create a reasonable and benign ethical order, so that the overall social communication and interpersonal relationship can be maintained in a healthy and orderly state. Faced with the multiple material pursuits of different subjects and the diversification of real interests, we should pay attention to both cooperation and competition, or compete through cooperation. In the face of various social competitions, friendliness will inevitably become an important lubricant for resolving conflicts of interest. Specifically, it is necessary to talk about the virtue of comity.
Third, there must be good communication skills and public awareness. The meaning and purpose of friendliness does not lie in friendliness itself. If you want to maximize your interests, you should have a friendly attitude and good communication skills. Neither the rationality of communication nor the ethics of negotiation can ignore the basic value of friendliness and its constructive significance to the subject's communication ability. This is also the true logical premise for the effective improvement of public order and the ultimate realization of human interests.
The Socialist Friendship View is the Moral Precondition for Social Harmony
Comrade Xi Jinping pointed out in his speech at the Peking University teacher-student symposium: "Core values are actually a kind of virtue, which is not only personal virtue, but also a kind of great virtue, which is the virtue of the country and the society. A country cannot prosper without virtue." , People can stand without virtue.” As the core value of socialism, friendliness at the personal level is a real virtue. The universal recognition, internalization and popularization of the virtue of friendship must point to the good order and harmony of social life, and it is also the basic moral premise for the realization of the two.
Friendliness is not only a traditional virtue of the Chinese nation, but also an important support for maintaining the value community and meaning community of a harmonious socialist society. It is not only the link to maintain a socialist harmonious social and political community, but also provides important support for building a socialist harmonious social and ethical community. As far as the current development of our country is concerned, whether it is in the traditional "acquaintance" society or the rapidly developing "stranger" society, the problem of "lack of friendliness" has become increasingly prominent. In this regard, we must not only see the inevitability of related issues, but also pay attention to their negative ethical effects, and see their increasingly exposed negativity and destructiveness. This is of great significance to the implementation of the socialist core values.
Kindness is intrinsic to human dignity, security and a comfortable life. Today, modern life has become a common pursuit of Chinese people, and material pursuits and related material desires are bound to increase. At the same time, concepts such as egoism and utilitarianism are bound to accompany each other. In fact, friendliness requires the subject to have a certain moral self-discipline ability, because in the process of chasing fame and fortune, if the external ethical environment cannot effectively restrain and educate, then the virtue of friendliness will inevitably be greatly negatively affected by utilitarianism .
Friendliness is a spiritual force that prevents alienation in interpersonal relationships. The reason why bureaucracy is unpopular is that it devours the most basic rational connotation of friendship, that is, equality and mutual respect. However, due to the influence of traditional culture, "good man doctrine" is more popular nowadays. This is another form of alienation from friendliness. The so-called "good man doctrine" is actually based on the narrow pursuit of self-interest as the standard and premise, and the conscience and morality of the society are just forms and tools for seeking self-interest. "Good-manism" alienates friendliness into hypocrisy based on pure technical rationality, which, like despotism, is destined to be tolerated and denied by socialist ethical values.
Practice the Socialist Friendship View and Cultivate a Qualified Carrier of Socialist Core Values
Cultivating and practicing the socialist core values is a new idea and new requirement put forward by the party and the country from a theoretical perspective based on the new situation and new situation of social development. It is in harmony with the lofty ideal of the Chinese dream and the great development of socialist culture with Chinese characteristics. , the objective trend of great prosperity, and the internal requirements are highly consistent. For the majority of socialist citizens, to cultivate and practice the socialist concept of friendship, the following aspects are generally required:
We must maintain an equal heart, pay attention to mutual respect and empathy in everything. The root cause of frictions, conflicts, and contradictions between multiple values is often not the multiple values themselves, but the fact that different value orientations, inclinations, and preferences do not adhere to or treat each other equally. Being equal means maintaining a sense of humanity, treating oneself and others as equals, conducting communication on the basis of mutual respect, and gaining a comfortable and secure space for communication.
We must uphold the virtues of benevolence and friendship. For the general public, compassion should not be a luxury. It is often difficult for a person who lacks love to get friendly care from others, and an incomplete soul can easily lead to incomplete life. No matter how you evaluate it, it is a kind of regret and trauma, and it is not allowed by conscience, morality and justice. A society that lacks love and warmth is bound to be unsustainable in the long run.
It is to have the virtue of tolerance and tolerance. In the face of diverse concepts, we must pay attention to the virtues of tolerance and tolerance. Of course, this does not only mean that a person can do this all the time, or that most members of society can do this well, but the overall lack of tolerance and tolerance may lead to very negative ethics. as a result of.
It is necessary to effectively improve the self-awareness and communication skills of rational communication, work together to create and maintain a harmonious and friendly atmosphere, and develop a good habit of actively reaching consensus and effectively solving problems. As a powerful force of individual morality, friendliness should, together with other virtues, shape citizens into modern people who are good at communication and comprehensive negotiation, and become a qualified carrier for inheriting the socialist core values.
(The authors’ units are respectively Beijing Sport University and Central University of Finance and Economics)